Throwing Up In Third Trimester
Throwing Up In Third Trimester: The first few months of pregnancy can bring a lot of joy, but they also come with a whole host of new symptoms for expectant mothers to endure. For most women, these changes are tolerable because we’re used to them by now; however, there’s one symptom that is particularly hard to deal with — nausea.
Morning sickness is probably the most well known part of pregnancy. It occurs when pregnant women develop high levels of hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin), which is produced by their growing fetuses. This hormone causes the uterus to contract involuntarily, resulting in frequent urination and increased heart rate. Morning sickness usually begins around week 8 or 9 and lasts until about week 20. Some people refer to this as “the curse” since it’s so common, while others say it’s just a normal part of being pregnant. The truth is somewhere in between — while it can’t be helped much at all, it isn’t something to worry over. However, if you find yourself throwing up more than once per day, you should definitely see your doctor.
If you’ve been experiencing morning sickness throughout your entire pregnancy, then chances are good that you’ll continue to have bouts of nausea into the final weeks. In fact, according to Dr. Charles Landon, author of Pregnancy Without Fear, “It’s rare to feel perfectly fine after 28 weeks.” He attributes this to the body’s natural desire to keep hydrated throughout pregnancy, especially considering how big our babies get. He recommends drinking plenty of fluids, such as water, tea, juice and soda pop. If you tend to drink alcohol, try cutting back on the amount slightly each week.
A healthy diet will go a long way toward helping you cope with any nausea that might arise. Eat foods rich in calcium, iron, folic acid and vitamins B6 and B12. These nutrients help regulate blood sugar, promote growth, prevent birth defects and reduce stress hormones. Also, avoid caffeine, spicy food and citrus juices, because they cause gas. Try eating smaller meals several times per day instead of three large ones. Eating frequently helps stabilize blood sugar, reduces hunger pangs and keeps energy levels higher. Finally, take prenatal vitamins containing vitamin B6, B9 (folate) and B12, which can relieve nausea and dizziness.
We spoke with Dr. Deborah Gilboa, M.D., who specializes in obstetrics and gynecology at Beth Israel Medical Center in New York City. She says that although morning sickness can begin early in pregnancy, it typically doesn’t show itself until the second half. According to her, the reason why it takes this long is because the fetus is not developed enough to produce certain hormones naturally, including prostaglandins, which trigger nausea. Once the baby reaches term, he or she produces enough prostaglandins to start producing nausea. At this point, treating the condition becomes difficult and frustrating due to hormonal imbalances.
One thing that will help manage morning sickness is relaxation techniques. Talk to your partner, family members and friends about what works best for you. You could even consider keeping a journal where you write down everything from how you’re feeling and what you ate that day to whether you slept through the night. This provides an outlet to work out emotions, and it also lets you know exactly what happened.
Another option is acupressure wristbands, which are worn underneath regular clothing. They contain pressure points along the inner arm near the thumb and index finger. While wearing them, place your palm against your wrist, fingers pointing downward. Then put your elbow firmly against your chest and rotate your wrist forward and backward slowly. By doing this motion, you stimulate the pressure points, which relaxes tense muscles and calms the nervous system. Afterward, enjoy a massage or pedicure.
For severe cases of morning sickness, doctors often prescribe medication called domperidone. Although it has side effects like constipation, diarrhea and headache, it does provide relief. Another alternative is herbal remedies. Ginger contains gingerols and shogaol, chemicals that act as antiemetics, reducing nausea and vomiting. Other herbs, such as peppermint oil and feverfew, also help combat nausea.
Finally, don’t forget about exercise! Exercising relieves tension and anxiety, both of which can worsen nausea. Plus, exercise actually increases levels of endorphins, which improve moods. So the next time you’re tempted to stay home and veg out, remind yourself that exercising will do wonders for your health.
According to WebMD, pregnant women spend nearly two years preparing for delivery. During that time, they gain roughly 100 pounds (45 kilograms).
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