Umbilical Cord Around Neck Long Term Effects
The umbilicus (or navel) is located at the center of the abdominal wall and marks the midpoint between the belly button and pubic symphysis. The band that holds your intestines together begins at this point. It stretches from your belly button up toward your belly bone. The upper end attaches to your liver while the lower end attaches to your colon.
When you were born, your mother held onto the ends of your umbilical cords with her hands. She wrapped them tightly around her forearm in order to keep them taut as she pushed out your tiny head and shoulders. When your father came along, he did the same thing. In fact, when your parents are standing side-by-side holding on to each other’s arms, they form what’s called a human anchor for the umbilical cord.
Your umbilical cord has several functions: it provides nourishment and oxygen to your developing fetus; it serves as an internal conduit for waste removal; it also acts as a natural pacemaker which regulates your heartbeat.
During pregnancy, your unborn child will attach itself to your placenta by means of a network of vessels known as villi. As these villi grow into fingerlike projections, the villous structure allows for nutrient uptake from your bloodstream. Once delivered, the umbilical cord will be detached from its surrounding tissue after one contraction. There are two types of umbilici — round and flat. A round umbilicus usually has no visible skin folds. Flat umbilics tend to have small dimples or depressions.
In most cases, the umbilical cord falls off naturally once the baby’s been delivered. However, if the cord is looped around the neck or another body part, blood flow through the entangled cord may be decreased during contractions. This can cause the baby’s heart rate to fall during contractions. Prior to delivery, if blood flow is completely cut off, a stillbirth can result. On the other hand, excessive twisting of the umbilical cord around the abdomen or waist can also lead to fetal distress.
To prevent any complications, doctors recommend having a physician check the length of the umbilical cord prior to birth. If the umbilical cord is too short, then physicians suggest cutting the cord immediately after labor begins. Cutting the cord before labor begins poses little risk to either the mother or infant and ensures there’s enough time to deliver the placenta before the newborn arrives.
Long term effects of carrying an entrapped umbilical cord include:
· Premature Delivery
· Low Birth Weight
What’s more, women who experience premature births due to their own negligence are entitled to compensation for medical malpractice under federal law.
On the next page, we’ll look at some long term risks associated with entrapping your umbilical cord.
Risks Associated With Entrapment
A tangled umbilical cord can pose serious health risks to both the mother and fetus. Here are just a few examples:
Premature Delivery – An entrapped umbilical cord is often caused by delayed clamping of the cord. Delayed clamping occurs when the doctor fails to sever the cord within a specific amount of time following childbirth. Since not all hospitals adhere to standard procedures, it’s important to ask questions about how quickly the cord should be clamped. Ask whether the procedure is done according to guidelines set forth by the hospital staff and your doctor.
Low Birth Weight – Babies who are carried for longer periods of time are more likely to weigh less than normal at birth. Why? Because prolonged exposure to amniotic fluid causes lung development issues that reduce the amount of air available to the lungs. These babies also take longer to deliver because of the increased size of the uterus.
Stillbirth – A woman’s immune system will attack the foetus’ cells as though they’re foreign bodies. This leads to inflammation of the womb lining and sometimes even scarring of the uterine walls. Due to this inflammatory response, pregnant women with trapped umbilicals are at greater risk of stillbirths.
How do I know if my umbilical cord was entrapped?
You may notice signs of entrapment if the umbilical cord becomes twisted or kinked. Keep in mind, however, that since every person is unique, symptoms vary greatly depending upon individual factors such as height, weight, position, etc. Your doctor will examine your baby after delivery to find the best way to handle the issue.
Here are some basic steps you can follow if you think your umbilical cord might’ve become kinked:
Step 1: Have someone hold your baby upright until the cord detaches naturally.
Step 2: Have someone hold on to the loose end of the umbilical cord until help arrives.
Step 3: Cut the remaining portion of the umbilical cord with scissors.
Step 4: After cutting, inspect the area where the cord meets the skin for redness or swelling. If possible, try to straighten the cord so that it doesn’t twist further.
Step 5: Check your water supply for bacteria growth. Make sure you sterilize your sink and countertop thoroughly before touching yourself or your baby. Wash your hands well with soap and warm water after handling the umbilical cord.
Next, learn how entanglement affects breastfeeding.
Entanglement During Breastfeeding
One common problem associated with entanglement is difficulty latching on to the breast. Many mothers report being unable to latch on properly after experiencing multiple episodes of entanglement. Other problems include nipple irritation, prolapse, infection, and poor milk production.
Fortunately, many breastfeeding nurses and lactation experts offer effective tips for overcoming entanglement-related difficulties. One suggestion involves placing a cloth over the affected area until the entanglement passes. Another method entails using a piece of tape to cover the spot where the rope meets the skin. While waiting for the entanglement to pass, nursing moms can use alternative methods such as feeding directly from the breast without latching on to the entwined cord.
While entanglements can make breastfeeding difficult, they don’t necessarily mean you won’t produce sufficient amounts of milk. You need only feed your baby frequently throughout the day. And remember, breastfeeding is always the best option for ensuring healthy development.
In addition to the above mentioned risks, entanglement carries additional potential consequences including:
· Wound breakdown
We’ve looked at the long term effects of an entrapped umbilical cord. Now let’s look at the immediate dangers of entanglement.
Immediate Dangers of Entanglement
As stated previously, entanglement is a life threatening situation that requires prompt attention. Symptoms typically appear instantly but can worsen over time if left untreated. Some of the immediate effects of entanglement include:
· Hypovolemic shock
· Pulmonary edema
· Respiratory arrest
· Foam cell accumulation
· Torsades de Pointes arrhythmia
· Heart failure
So remember, if you suspect that your cord became entangled, seek medical assistance right away! Taking action could save your life and that of your child.
For more information on topics like this, please visit the next page.
For more than half a century, obstetricians have warned against allowing infants to remain inside the womb for extended periods of time. But now, there’s growing evidence suggesting that keeping a pregnant woman confined indoors for weeks at a time could increase the chances of stillbirth.
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