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What Happens When You Bleed To Death

by Lyndon Langley
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What Happens When You Bleed To Death

What Happens When You Bleed To Death

Internal bleeding can happen anywhere throughout your body, but it’s most common in certain areas. It often occurs with traumatic injuries or medical conditions like cancer. Internal bleeding that originates inside a vein — such as varicose veins or those caused by aneurysms — is called venous hemorrhage. If you develop symptoms related to an ongoing need for more blood than what your circulatory system is able to provide, you have experienced hemorrhagic shock.
Hemorrhaging doesn’t just affect how much blood you lose; it also affects how fast you bleed out. Hemorrhaging causes blood pressure to drop, which puts stress on your cardiovascular system. This decreases circulation and oxygen flow to vital organs like the brain, causing them to function poorly. Your heart pumps less blood because there isn’t enough fluid left over to circulate around your body. As soon as you experience hemorrhaging, your breathing becomes shallow and rapid. Your blood pressure drops so low that it actually begins affecting your ability to breathe properly. With decreased blood supply comes a reduced amount of red blood cells, making it harder for your body to clot the lost blood. In addition, your blood loses its normal acidity levels, impairing the effectiveness of platelets at forming clots. Without platelet formation, the blood itself forms clots, rather than relying on the natural process of coagulation.
When your blood volume continues to decrease, your circulation slows down even further. Your heart beats faster and harder to try to maintain adequate circulation. At this point, your blood pressure has dropped too far to support life.
In severe cases of hemorrhaging, the heart may stop beating altogether. There are several different types of shock. One type is due to severe injury. Another type results from surgery. Shock can also be caused by a number of things besides hemorrhaging, including sepsis, dehydration, medication use and some diseases.
Even if hemorrhaging stops, it can still lead to complications. For example, you could receive massive transfusions of blood during resuscitation efforts. However, if the blood is not compatible with your immune system, it can cause organ damage and infection. Even without any active bleeding, continued lack of blood supply to your vital organs can eventually lead to death. Exsanguination is when your blood volume is drained completely through the loss of blood.
The average person lives about 10 years after they’ve received their first warning signs of hemorrhaging. But there is no way to predict exactly when someone will die because of blood loss. Some people live longer while others don’t survive long past the point where treatment would normally save them.
How Do People Survive Blood Loss?
There are many ways to treat internal bleeding, including surgical intervention, medications and blood transfusions. Treatment depends on the severity of the problem and whether or not the individual survives until the bleeding can be controlled.
Treatment options include:
Fibrinolytic therapy – A drug used to break up existing clots in the vessels.
Angiographic embolization – Surgical procedure using coils or plugs to block off the source of bleeding within the vessel.
Radiation therapy – Involves placing catheters into the vessels to deliver high-energy beams directly to the site of bleeding.
Endovascular embolization – Similar to angiographic embolization, except instead of blocking the artery with a foreign object, the goal is to block the bleeding vessel with tiny balloons known as microcoils.
Chemical peeling – Uses chemicals to dissolve the outer layer of skin, allowing underlying layers to form new capillaries.
Surgery – Includes techniques like ligation and endoscopy.
Blood transfusion – Transfusing one’s own blood back into the body.
Laparoscopic surgery – Surgery performed through small incisions made through the navel and lower abdominal wall.

Medical personnel typically control bleeding in two ways: applying direct pressure to the wound with a bandage or gauze pad, or elevating the area above the level of the heart to slow blood flow. Pressure applied directly to the wound helps reduce swelling and bruising. Elevation prevents additional blood loss by restricting movement. Other treatments include IV fluids, drugs or pain relievers. Medications are only effective once bleeding has stopped. They work best when given early. Painkillers help alleviate discomfort associated with hemorrhaging.
Bleeding from a broken bone can be difficult to manage if not treated quickly. First responders should recognize that trauma patients who lose large amounts of blood suffer a higher incidence of hypoxic brain injury. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial to prevent permanent neurological damage.
It takes a lot of energy to keep your entire body functioning correctly. That’s why it’s important to replenish your body’s fluids and nutrients every day. Drinking plenty of water keeps your electrolytes balanced and provides essential nourishment. Eating foods rich in protein and fiber allows your body to repair damaged tissues and build healthy muscles. Maintaining proper health habits makes sure you stay physically fit and mentally sharp. And getting regular exercise improves your overall quality of life.

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